Wednesday, January 22, 2020

A Solar-Powered World Essay examples -- Environment, Energy Resources,

A Solar-powered World Since the beginning of the war against environmental contamination, it has been the job of engineers to come up with solutions to this problem. Waste management regulations, material recycling and recursion to renewable energy resources have been some of the many brilliant ideas engineers have emerged with to take control of the situation. Of these three, the use of renewable energy resources has meant to be the most complicated of the solutions to repair the damage done to nature. The generation of energy has always been of concern to humanity and so it demands to be studied rigorously. Here is when questions about solar radiation appear over the table of many scientists. With all of its mysteries and power, the sun has shown its potential to be a reliable source of renewable energy. The question is: how can engineers take advantage of the energy that comes from the sun? In order to wisely exploit solar energy, engineers must execute precise arrangements in solar energy systems. Primarily, engineers should be able to identify what kind of solar configuration is the best for harnessing solar energy. First, engineers must explore what advantages each solar energy system can provide. This step is crucial for understanding the potential of sunlight in the renewable energy world. Most researchers in the field of renewable energy name, at least, two fundamental types of solar energy system configurations: flat-plates and concentrators (Balat 981, Higgins 26 and Hepbasli et al. 556). In their works, these researchers describe each type of configuration as equally suitable to convert solar radiation; nevertheless, they encourage the use of flat-plates for photovoltaic conversions and concentrator for solar-the... ... the factors that shape the performance of such systems. For instance, engineers must pay close attention to the type solar energy system configuration as well as the type of material they choose for the task, so they will ensure maximum efficiency and satisfaction. Also, engineers must find reliable ways to store and manage the energy that has been already converted, without letting aside the new technologies and applications they could destine to that energy. Finally, engineers must come together to figure out how they could make solar energy systems a true adversary for fossil fuels, so they could free society of such damaging fuel. In summary, engineers have the capability of imposing solar energy systems as a reliable energy source or let it be forgotten. Either of both will be a reflect of how they manage the technology and on what they focus to handle it.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Imperialism and Capitalism

Imperialism which is often considered to be a final stage of capitalism was a logical continuation of industrialization, development of trade and colonization. Global trade and goods exchange have united Europe, Africa, America and Asia into an integral organism. Imperial system as well as interaction between the major colonial super-powers guaranteed economical stability and peace. Colonies were perfect markets for the goods produced in metropolises and were used as emergency zones in cases of overproduction in order to prevent global or local economical crisis. Colonies were used as raw material donors of metropolitan industry. In order to prevent movement for political and economical independence, colonies were not allowed to have industrial objects as their economical activity was limited to farming and mining. On the hand with traditional colonial system which took place in France, Great Britain, Belgium which had huge possessions worldwide, American imperialism had introduced a new one without any formal colonial possessions. American imperialism was different from British and French as it penetrated into independent countries, making their single-sector economies be dependent upon the price policies set by American corporations. American imperialists used different methods in order to widen their spheres of influence in western hemisphere: bribery of corrupted officials, aiding political opposition of unwanted regimes and even open intervention by American troops which always ended with establishing of puppet governments. These methods were used on Philippines, Cuba, and Puerto-Rico. The effects of imperialism are quite different both for colonies and imperial metropolises: from one side goods exchange ensured economical stability, from the other side imperial ambitions of superpowers resulted WW1. Colonies experienced mostly negative impacts: industrial backwardness, dependence upon metropolises, poverty, social injustice and discrimination. Of course the appearance of imperialism as a new world order at the beginning of the twentieth century had provoked continuing discussions about its real impacts on civilization. Contemporaries either supported imperialism or sharply criticized it. Kipling, for example, insisted that imperialism was a logical continuation of civilization progress and it was vital in order western civilization to survive, as it prevented it from economical and social crisis, guaranteed goods exchange, development of trade and stability in western world. This concept is rather conservative as Kipling also supports the idea of racial and cultural superiority of western civilization and this factor is considered to be justification of colonial expansion in his theory. On the other hand such authors as Hobson consider imperialism to be one of the alternatives to economical development which has a global character and is resulted by concentration of wealth within one country. Hobson argues that in order world economy to develop, this wealth has to be distributed overseas as it will promote development of both economies: metropolitan and colonial. The growth of anti-imperialist movement was resulted by its destructive influence on colonial countries which appeared to be in total dependence from imperialist states. Anti-imperialist movement took place in India, China, and Latin America. In fact the accident which led to WW1 had also anti-imperialist background, as Serbian revolutionaries were afraid that Serbia will become a dependent territory of Austria-Hungary. The results of WW1 were contradictory for different countries. Four European empires: Germany, Austria Hungary, Russian and Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1918 when the war was over. Moreover, prolonged economical and social crisis caused by the 4 years of bloody war had resulted a series of revolutions and public unrest world wide, changing political orientation of many countries. Bolshevik revolution in Russia brought to power a small group of political radicals led by Vladimir Lenin, who started to build a new order in semi-feudal country according to Marxist ideas of equality, abolition of private property and establishment of proletariat dictatorship. Tsarist regime was substituted by a new radical ideology of communism which was alien to Russian peasants and middle class. The years of prolonged terror, artificial hunger, repressions had changed the country and had changed people†s mentality to the mentality of oppressed people who was living under dictator†s rule. A new Soviet nation was raised in the fear of capitalist world, in the fear of the possible threat from the side of international capitalism and in constant preparation for war. Actually the premises for future cold war originated in interwar period and foreign intervention against Soviet Russia in 1919-1921 had only deepened fear of Soviet people. Stalin, a new leader of Communist party had created his own doctrine of socialist state. Rapid industrialization and collectivization in agricultural sector had changed country†s economy, making it stable and more advanced. In fact, Communist Russia was the only country which experienced economical growth starting from middle 1920†³s and going all the way to 1941, whiles the world of capitalism was suffering from global economical crisis. Communism became a potential threat for capitalist world and the USSR had become an ideological enemy of the West. Stalin understood it quite well and was getting ready for a possible war. Industrialization and militarization of economy were essential in order to survive and provide security to the country. As the power of the Soviet Union grew, it became obvious that it would have territorial ambitions for the spread of communist ideology worldwide. Prosperity in major European countries and in the USA in early 1920†³s was contrasted by deep economical and social crisis in Germany and Italy. The conditions of Versailles treaty had imposed unbearable obligations on Germany as the government of Weimar republic had to pay huge reparations to victors of WW1. Besides, ruined infrastructure of Germany lacked mineral resources and industry as Germany lost the region of Saar, Alsace-Lorraine and several major seaports on the coast of the Baltic Sea together with several colonies in Africa and Asia. The country had no opportunity for development; new democratic government failed to rebuild country†s infrastructure, only irritating people and provoking social unrest. Humiliated nation wanted revenge and retreat. Liberties and democratic freedoms of Weimar constitution were not popular as the nation felt nostalgia about the time of iron order and international respect. Crisis of Weimar republic turned into growth of nationalism and chauvinistic ideas, supported by common people and former WW1 soldiers and officers who were left forgotten by government. This is the main explanation of fascism success in Germany. Crisis in Italy had many similar features to German one. Unemployment, poverty and social unrest in early 1920†³s had created a favorable climate for the rise of Benito Mussolini, the leader of a new party formed by WW1 soldiers and officers who were irritated by economical crisis. Mussolini†s populist ideas were close both to common people ans to upper classes as he promised social stability and order. Mussolini†s political program was successful in 1920†³s and in early 1930†³s as he stabilized economy, solved major social problems of poverty, unemployment and other social vices and returned self respect and pride to Italian nation. His government controlled media, regulated economy and social life of the country. But at the same time Mussolini revealed militaristic ambitions of fascist Italia- intervention and capture of Abyssinia is the best proof of it. War in Abyssinia was not the only conflict fought after the WW1. On the Far East, Militarist Japan started intervention against Manchuria in 1938. These conflicts have shown the weakness of League of Nation, organization which was created in order to preserve peace and prevent wars and local conflicts. Economical crisis on the hand with disintegration of the capitalist world and growing threat from ideological enemy of capitalism-the USSR demonstrate the complicated system international relations in inter-war period. The results of WW1 became obvious after the 20 year period: 2 totalitarian states (the USSR and Nazi Germany) which had colonial ambitions stood against disintegrated democratic world, which was to weak to resist aggression of these two superpowers. The inter war period in the world history is characterized by three different concepts of state development: communist, fascist and traditional democratic. Even though they are hostile, each was successful on a certain stage of development as it had taken ruined Russian empire, Germany and the USA out of economical crisis and had returned confidence and stability to their peoples. After Bolsheviks revolution in Russia, former empire was turned into a new state ruled by the Communist Party. Communist party of the USSR had made radical changes realizing Marxist ideas about revolution and dictatorship of proletariat: abolition of private property, nationalization and equality of all citizens. Understandably in a patriarchal agricultural country with underdeveloped industry and ruined economy any idea about a strong state of proletariat (working class) would fail, but not in Russia. Stalin, who became the head of the communist party in 1928, had his own plan how to reform economy: he proclaimed a course on rapid industrialization and collectivization of farming enterprises. In order to achieve development of industry he performed redistribution of property, expropriating agricultural products from peasants and making them work in kolkhozes (collective state owned farms). In fact he turned free farmers into state slaves who had no property and had to work on state farms in order to survive. This cruel and inhuman practice gave the opportunity to develop heavy industry; mining and it gave the opportunity to start militarization. These results were achieved by numerous victims of innocent people who suffered from repressions and great purges as Stalin†s regime eliminated anyone who had another opinion on the destiny of the country. The total number of Stalin†s victims exceeds 20 million people. So what were his achievements? In quite a short period (20 years) Russia was turned into an industrial state with developing industry and one of the strongest armies in Europe. Society had changed as it was developing according to a socialist model. State was the only power in the country, state was the only property owner. Citizens in majority were nearly equal; the difference between those who had the highest and the lowest income was not really distinct as in capitalist world. In fact, state provided a working citizen with essential facilities for living and guaranteed basic social and medial care. People got the facilities in order to work good enough but nothing else. The order in the country was realized by a total control of media, press and oppression of any potential opposition. Communism substituted religion as the official religion of communist state was atheism, communist party controlled all spheres of life, which led to the isolation of the country. Free market was substituted by barter within the country and market relations were substituted by planned economy.. From historical point of view, the politics of Stalin, even being brutal and inhuman, was justified by historical need, as in order to survive and not collapse, Soviet Russia had to become a super power with a strong army and developed industry from an out-dated, semi-feudal empire with ineffective state management and corrupted aristocratic government. The main weakness of Stalin†s Russia was that the only condition under which the country could stand and continue its development was the policy of terror and oppression of any potential threat in the face of political opposition. Such kind of regime, based only on suppression of human individualism, collectivism and isolation from the rest of the world would definitely fail if some liberties were allowed. So if to look on the history of the Soviet Union starting from Nikita Khrushchev we will see the gradual decline of totalitarian empire, which collapsed in 1991. Another example of totalitarian state of inter-war period is Nazi Germany. Nazi Germany led by Adolph Hitler embodied fascist ideas about a strong state with iron order. Hitler†s phenomenon was a direct result of Versailles Treaty consequences for after war Germany. Humiliated nation, which suffered the burden of huge reparations, deep economical; depression and social crisis caused by ineffective politics of democratic government of Weimar republic wanted the only thing retreat and revenge. So chauvinist and radical ideas of Nazis have succeeded. Germans saw a leader in Hitler, who promised return international respect and prosperity to the nation. Hitler†s political program was very simple and it satisfied Germans fully. Hitler promised descent work to workers and guaranteed protection of private property to businessmen. But his political program was also based on racial hatred, anti-Semitism, blind chauvinism and aggression. Nazis used nearly the same methods of oppression Stalin practiced during â€Å"great purges†, but they focused on ethnic non-German minorities, Communists and political opposition to Hitler†s national-Socialist Party. German economy during Hitler†s regime was also state regulated, as the owners of industrial objects had certain obligations: they had to provide decent wages to workers and had to fulfill industrial state orders. Hitler had changed economy, he made it military oriented preparing the nation for a war. Social life during Nazi regime was also subjected to total control, fascist government controlled media, eliminated political opposition, persecuted ethnic minorities, which turned into Holocaust and genocide during WW2. Hitler†s regime which had to solve racial and territorial question was inhuman and contradicted modern human consciousness. It had to be stop anyway by international coalition, otherwise the absurd and paranoia of one man would cause a world human tragedy. The methods of state regulation were also present during Roosevelt†s office even though he represented a free democratic country living under the laws of capitalism. Roosevelt†s New deal was a set of reforms and a set of measures taken in order to relief the affects of the Great depression. State regulation over prices, control over banks activity and other measures had strengthened economy, getting the country of crisis. Nevertheless, despite the terrible affects of economical crisis and Great depression the USA stood and recovered. Comparing social and economical situation in the USSR, the USA and Germany in inter-war period we may find several similar features in activities of their governments. All of them provided social programs for citizens in order to guarantee realization of basic human living needs: health care, education, social protection and basic welfare programs. All three political regimes used state control over economy, which never used before. But in comparison to the USA where it had a temporary character, Germany and the USSR used it as an integral method of state administration which guaranteed stability and security.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Make Candy Glass Icicle Decorations

This fun holiday project is based on this  fake glass tutorial. What you do is make sugar glass (or ice in this case) spread it onto a cookie sheet, warm the hard candy in the oven until you can cut it, then twist the strips of melted candy glass into spiral icicle shapes. There is another method that you can use which involves twisting together ropes of the sugar to make striped icicles. Candy Glass Icicles Experiment Difficulty: Intermediate (Adult Supervision Required)Materials: Sugar, Candy Thermometer, Food ColoringConcepts: Temperature, Crystallization, Melting, CarmelizationInterested in more merry chemistry experiments? Try making Chemistry Peppermint Wafers or check out this extensive list of Christmas Chemistry Projects. Candy Glass Icicle Ingredients 1 cup (250 mL) sugarFlat baking sheetButter or baking paperCandy thermometerFood coloring (optional) Make Candy Icicles Butter or line a baking sheet with bakers (silicone) paper. Place the sheet in the refrigerator to chill. The chilled pan will prevent the hot sugar from continuing to cook after you remove it from the heat, which is important if you are trying for clear ice.Pour the sugar into a small pan on a stove over low heat.Stir continuously until the sugar melts (takes a while). If you have a candy thermometer, remove from heat at the hard crack stage (clear glass), which is 291-310 °F or 146-154 °C. If the sugar is heated past the hard crack stage it will turn amber (colored translucent glass). If you want clear icicles, pay close attention to the temperature! If you dont mind the amber color or are adding food coloring, then the temperature is a little less critical.You have a couple of options here. You can pour the hot sugar into strips, let them cool slightly, then (wearing rubber gloves to prevent hot candy from sticking to your finger) twist the warm candy into a spiral icicle shap e.Alternatively (and easier) pour all of the melted sugar onto the cooled pan. Allow it to cool.Heat the pan of candy in a 185 °F oven until the candy can be cut into strips. Curl the strips. One technique is to wrap the strips around a long buttered wooden spoon. Candy Icicle Tips Wear a pair of inexpensive winter gloves under a pair of buttered kitchen gloves to protect your hands from the heat as well as from sticking to the candy.Dont exceed the hard-crack cooking temperature if you want clear icicles. This is 295 °F to 310 °F at sea level, but you will need to subtract 1 °F from every listed temperature for each 500 feet above sea level. The sugar will start to carmelize (brown) somewhere around 320-338 °F or 160-10 °C, depending on your altitude. This occurs when the sucrose starts to break down into simpler sugars. The flavor of the candy is affected by this change, as well as its color.

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Oedipus Rex The Tragic Hero - 735 Words

Aristotle argues that in a tragedy a hero must possess a tragic flaw that leads to his or her ruin. An example that backs up this argument is Sophocles’s tragedian play, Oedipus Rex, in which its protagonist was a victim of such fatal flaws that caused ruination in his life. In this case, Oedipus tragic flaws were both his anger and his pride. Furthermore, the fate that Oedipus suffered because of such flaws not only caused his downfall, but also the death of those he cherished. The tragic flaws that Oedipus possessed made fate and free will be more conspicuous throughout the play; additionally, it showed how valuable these things are when making decisions. Sophocles first introduces what was considered one of Oedipus tragic flaw, in the†¦show more content†¦Such pride made Oedipus come into the city of Thebes where he married the widowed queen and began holding neglection towards his past and generously did his best to make the city of Thebes triumph. Oedipus was by now walking a one-way road straight to his ruin. As Oedipus life in Thebes seemed great, a plague came upon the city of Thebes and the only way to obliterate it was to uncover the murderer of King Laius. Oedipus promise to bring peace into Thebes made him determined to solve the mystery of the death of the previous king. However, Oedipus hamartia once again got in the way, only that this time it was not pride, but rather anger. Additionally, Oedipus comes upon a blind prophet that refuses to speak the truth of Lauis’s killer. Therefore, Oedipus, who was by now furious, states â€Å"I am so angry I shall not hold back a jot of what I think,† and ends up accusing the prophet of having killed King Lauis. On the contrary, the prophet shocked by such accusation told Oedipus that the murder he was so desperately seeking was Oedipus himself. After hearing what he believed were false accusations of him, Oedipus accused the prophet of treason for having conspired against his crown. Even though Oedipus obtained the answer he wa s so anxiously seeking, it was not what he wanted to hear; therefore, he took an innocent because of it. Indeed, it was obvious that Oedipus anger was impeding him from making the right decision whenever assemblingShow MoreRelatedOedipus Rex : A Tragic Hero882 Words   |  4 Pagestheir fates. In the case of Oedipus Rex, fate drove him into a downfall. Oedipus Rex is a part of the great Sophoclean play, written by Sophocles. Sophocles wrote this story to exemplify a tragic hero, he uses specific character flaws to explain the downfall of his hero. Oedipus is a perfect tragic hero because his early life forces the audience to admire as a privilege young man and also pity him as he falls into a crushing downfall towards the end. Oedipus’s tragic flaws are pride, persistenceRead MoreOedipus Rex : A Tragic Hero945 Words   |  4 Pagesfates. In the case of Oedipus Rex Fate drove him into a downfall. Oedipus Rex is a part of the great Sophoclean play, written by Sophocles. Soph ocles’ write this story to portray a tragic hero, using character flaws to explain his downfall. Oedipus is a perfect tragic hero because his whirlwind of a life force the audience to admire him in the beginning of the story as a privilege young man and also pity him a he falls into a crushing downfall. Sophocles intentionally gave Oedipus certain flaws becauseRead MoreOedipus Rex: Classic Tragic Hero921 Words   |  4 PagesIn the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus is a classic tragic hero. According to Aristotles definition, Oedipus is a tragic hero because he is a king whose life falls apart when he finds out his life story. There are a number of characteristics described by Aristotle that identify a tragic hero. For example, a tragic hero must cause his own downfall; his fate is not deserved, and his punishment exceeds the crime; he also must be of noble stature and have greatness. Oedipus is in love with hisRead MoreThe Tragic Hero Of Sophocles Oedipus Rex972 Words   |  4 Pagesread across the world in modern-day. Oedipus Rex, a standout amongst the popular tragedies, is written by Sophocles. Within every tragedy play, one character takes the role of a grievous or tragic hero. As stated by Aristotle, certain attributes characterize a deplorable legend or a tragic hero. In Oedipus Rex, the fundamental character, Oedipus, carries imperfections as well as inevitable fate much like a tragic hero. A few of the qualities of a tragic hero consists of nobility and carrying flawsRead MoreThe Tragic Hero of Oedipus Rex Essay1383 Words   |  6 PagesThe Tragic Hero of Oedipus Rex According to the ancient Greeks and Aristotle the hero is a person who possesses superior qualities of mind and body, and who proves his superiority by doing great deeds of valor, strength, or intellect. In Sophocles Oedipus Rex the main character Oedipus possesses these characteristics of a true hero, which in turn lead to his self-destruction. In the beginning of the play Oedipuss great intellect is made known by the chorus who see him as someone who hasRead MoreThe Tragic Hero Of Oedipus Rex, And Willie Loman1204 Words   |  5 Pagesearliest theater critics, took it upon himself to define the dramatic tragedy. Aristotle believed that a tragedy could only be defined by a hero who is not totally just and flawless, but, at the same time, whose downfall isn’t linked to his own depravity. The reasoning behind this concept is simple to understand. Were there to be a completely virtuous hero with no flaws, no hamartia, as Aristotle describes it, there would be no sense of catharsis or enjoyment at watching horrible events afflictRead MoreAnalysis of Oedipus As an Aristotelian Tragic Hero in Sophocles Oedipus Rex1799 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Oedipus as an Aristotelian tragic hero Although one might be inclined to express uncertainty concerning the role of Sophocles Oedipus as a tragic hero (when regarding matters from a general point of view), the character perfectly fits Aristotles definition of a tragic hero. The protagonist in Oedipus Rex is noble and can be appreciated for his greatness, considering that he embodies a series of virtuous attributes. Even with this, he is not perfect and thus makes it possible for readers toRead More tragoed Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) as Ideal Tragic Hero1245 Words   |  5 PagesOedipus Rex as the Ideal Tragic Hero If we give ourselves up to a full sympathy with the hero, there is no question that the Oedipus Rex fulfills the function of a tragedy, and arouses fear and pity in the highest degree. But the modern reader, coming to the classic drama not entirely for the purpose of enjoyment, will not always surrender himself to the emotional effect. He is apt to worry about Greek fatalism and the justice of the downfall of Oedipus, and, finding no satisfactory solutionRead MoreEssay on Pride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello1217 Words   |  5 PagesPride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello   Ã‚  Ã‚   Pride is one of the seven deadly sins. Most proud people will never consider themselves to be truly proud until they come face to face with the consequences of their pride. Sophocles and Shakespeare both address this dilemma in their plays Oedipus Rex and Othello. Through their nobility, their tragic flaws, the fall these flaws cause, and the suffering and wisdom they derive from these falls, Oedipus and Othello reveal the true characterRead MoreSophocles Oedipus Rex: The Epic and Tragic Hero in Myth and Culture2021 Words   |  8 PagesOutline- Background to story and structure Thesis the hero as both epic and tragic Oedipus Rex Theme and Plot The Epic and Tragic Hero in Myth and Culture How myth is ingrained, purpose Oedipus as a tragic Hero Formation of myth and commonalities with the everyman Aristotelian definition of hero Conclusions How Aristotles definition fits Oedipus Background- Within the rubric of the human experience we can find a number of commonalities that relate to psychology, culture, and the manner

Friday, December 20, 2019

The Lottery, By Shirley Jackson - 1939 Words

Sarah Holt Mr. Porter AP English Literature and Composition 4 May, 2015 Every Man for Himself â€Å"It isn’t fair, it isn’t right!† screamed Tessie Hutchinson before she was stoned to death (Jackson). â€Å"The Lottery,† by Shirley Jackson, is a short story about a village that has an annual lottery; however, in this lottery, one does not win the typical million dollar prize. They win death. Mr. Summers, the man who organizes the lottery, calls each family, up to a box to draw papers. All the papers are blank, but there is one paper with a single, black dot on it. The family that draws the paper with a black dot marked in the middle draws a second time to see which individual, within that family, will be stoned to death. The family that is unfortunately selected is the Hutchinson family. This means that there are five potential victims: Mr. Hutchinson, the husband/father, Tessie Hutchinson, the wife/mother, Nancy Hutchinson, the daughter, Davy Hutchinson, the youngest son, and Bill Hutchinson Jr., the eldest son. After they al l select papers, Tessie Hutchinson is stoned to death for drawing the only marked paper. The time period in which Shirley Jackson lived suggests a psycho-analytical reading of â€Å"The Lottery† because the actions of the village reflect an everyman for himself, or mob, mentality. â€Å"The Lottery† was written in 1948, three years after the end of World War II. The Nazi Movement, that started the Holocaust, annihilated millions of people in order to create a single,Show MoreRelatedThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1195 Words   |  5 PagesOn the surface, Shirley Jackson’s short story, â€Å"The Lottery,† reads as a work of horror. There is a village that holds an annual lottery where the winner is stoned to death so the village and its people could prosper. Some underlying themes include: the idea that faith and tradition are often followed blindly, and those who veer away from tradition are met with punishment, as well as the idea of a herd mentality and bystander apathy. What the author manages to do successfully is that she actuallyRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson757 Words   |  4 Pagessucceed but many fail just like the main character Tessie Hutchinson in Shirley Jackson’s short story â€Å"The Lottery†. When someone hears the word â€Å"lottery†, he or she may think that someone will be rewarded with prize. But â€Å"The Lottery† By Shirley Jackson is different than what one thinks. In the story, a lottery is going to be conducted not like Mega Million or Powerball one play here. In the story, the person who wins the lottery is stoned to death instead of being rewarded with the prize. TessieRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson931 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1948 Shirley Jackson composed the controversial short story â€Å"The Lottery.† Generally speaking, a title such as â€Å"The Lottery† is usually affiliated with an optimistic outlook. However, Jackson’s approach is quite unorthodox and will surely leave readers contemplating the intent of her content. The story exposes a crude, senseless lottery system in which random villagers are murdered amongst their peers. Essentially, the lottery system counteracts as a form of population control, but negatives easilyRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson1504 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson In The Lottery Shirley Jackson fills her story with many literary elements to mask the evil. The story demonstrates how it is in human nature to blindly follow traditions. Even though some people have no idea why they follow these traditions. The title of the story plays a role in how Shirley Jackson used some literary elements to help mask the evils and develop the story. The title â€Å"The Lottery† serves as an allegory. When people think of the lottery majorityRead More`` The Lottery `` By Shirley Jackson894 Words   |  4 Pagesshort story â€Å"The Lottery†, author Shirley Jackson demonstrates Zimbardo’s concepts in three different areas: Authority figures, Tradition and Superstition, and Loyalty. The first concept Jackson portrays in â€Å"The Lottery† is the authority figures. Jackson indicates that the lottery is being held in the town center by one authority figure, Mr. Summers, annually on June 27th. Every June 27th, without fail, townspeople gather in the town square to participate in the annually lottery even though mostRead MoreThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1510 Words   |  7 PagesShirley Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery† illustrates several aspects of the darker side of human nature. The townspeople in Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery† unquestioningly adhere to a tradition which seems to have lost its relevance in their lives. The ritual that is the lottery shows how easily and willingly people will give up their free will and suspend their consciences to conform to tradition and people in authority. The same mindless complacency and obedience shown by the villagers in Jackson’s story are seenRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson8 11 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† was published by Shirley Jackson. The story was true expression of Jackson’s genuine thoughts about human beings and their heinous competence in an annual village event for corn harvest . First, her used to word symbolized main point of the story. Second, Jackson was inspired by few historical events happened in the past and a life incident in her life. Lastly, She was able to accomplish the connection between historical and biographical with the story. Therefore, Shirley Jackson’sRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson934 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson signifies the physical connection between the villagers and their unwillingness to give up their tradition. â€Å"The Lottery† is very unpredictable and quite misleading. The black box has no functionality, except every June 27th. Shirley Jackson depicts the black box as an important and traditional tool. Although the villagers in â€Å"The Lottery† are terrified of the goal of the lottery and the black box, they are unwilling to let go of the tradition. Shirley Jackson portraysRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson799 Words   |  4 Pagesthe mood and to foreshadow of things to come. The Lottery by Shirley Jackson is a story in which the setting sets up the reader to think of positive outcomes. However, this description of the setting foreshadows exactly the opposite of what is to come. In addition, the theme that we learn of at the end leads us to think of where the sanity of some human beings lies. The story begins with the establishment of the setting. To begin, Shirley Jackson tells the reader what time of day and what time ofRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson1764 Words   |  7 Pagesfilled with excitement and eeriness, leaving the reader speechless. The Lottery , a short story written by famous writer Shirley Jackson, created an uproar on June 26, 1948, when it was published in the magazine The New Yorker (Ball). The gothic thriller, set in an unknown time and place, shares the tradition of a small town, a little larger than three hundred people, in which a drawing is held once a year. In this â€Å"Lottery,† each family’s husband draws a slip of paper from a black box. The husband

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Authoritarian vs. Permissive Parenting - Paper free essay sample

There are three types of ways to raise children; authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive parenting. Most people use authoritative parenting; however there are two other forms of parenting. Authoritarian parents believe in having ultimate authority. They believe they have to have complete control over their children. If children question their parents, they will face terrible consequences such as the kids being lectured, insulted, shamed or punished. Authoritarian parents think they know what is best for their kids. They always dictate what their children participate in. Authoritarian parents strongly believe that their kids can and will be the best in school; therefore, things the kids enjoy will be limited because they believe they will distract the children from being the best they could possibly be. They demand perfect grades. If the child fails to do what is expected of him or her, the parent will do everything in their power to push the child to make up for the failure such as making up drills and tests to get their grades or performance up to the level of expectation (Raise Smart Kids). We will write a custom essay sample on Authoritarian vs. Permissive Parenting Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Authoritarian parents are not concerned about their children being emotionally hurt; they believe that â€Å"tough love† will make the kids stronger. These types of parents are very competitive. They believe nothing is fun unless you are good at it. (Permissive) Permissive parents are more lenient than authoritarian parents. They avoid confrontation and allow a lot of self-regulation from their kids. Permissive parents believe that stressing academic success is not good for children and that they should let children believe that learning is fun. Permissive parents are very concerned about their kids’ self-esteem (Raise Smart Kids). They constantly reassure their children of their self-worth. If the kids fail at something, they tell them it is okay they are still good. They will never call their kids insulting names such as â€Å"stupid†. Permissive parents acknowledge and give value to their kids’ individuality. They give them freedom to pursue their own passions and choices in life. Permissive parents support their children’s endeavours and provide positive reinforcement and a nurturing environment (Lee, Ooi Wee, Steven Chan, and Leowanie Leow). Authoritarian parenting does have some advantages. The children of authoritarian parents grow up to be responsible citizens. They are more prepared to work in environments that require hard work and discipline. They are more prepared to survive in demanding workplaces. They will be obedient. Permissive parentings raise Kids who grow up with the ability to think creatively and be innovative. Being free to pursue what they want, they are able to think outside the box. People like Steve Job probably were raised by permissive parents. Kids who are raised by permissive parents tend to be more assertive and aggressive because they grow up not as followers but persons who are masters of their fate or leaders. Kids who are raised by permissive parents are happier and tend to have less psychological issues. Because of authoritarian parenting some kids who are pressured to perform perfectly in school eventually end up hating school. Many kids who are raised by authoritarian parents show sign of psychological problems like depression and anxiety, and some even resort to suicide. Kids who are raised to be submissive tend not to form their own ideas and opinions but to â€Å"follow the crowd†, and have a subservient attitude. Children who are trained to have high grades in school lack creativity and imagination. They lack self-confidence, have lower self-esteem, and lack of courage. They are more prone to stress. They may have poor socialization skills and avoid public and social circles. They usually rebel against their parents when they â€Å"grow up†. They are more prone to psychological problems such as depression or anxiety. Permissive parenting has many disadvantages. Children may lose respect for their parents because the children begin to feel as though they can do whatever they want. The children of permissive parents become spoiled.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Muscle Cars free essay sample

Ford Mustang A. the top favorite muscle car in the late 1900’s B. Top Selling car in the 1900’s C. The 1960’s best models D. Hard to find now in days, especially 1960’s models V. Chevrolet Camaro A. 1960’s best models B. Second highest selling muscle car C. Copying a model like the mustangs, but not as fast a mustang D. Great expensive car and hard to find VI. Chevrolet Corvette A. Great muscle car B. The spike of the its year 1960’s C. 1969 models having the highest peek in sold models for corvette VII. Plymouth Superbird A. 1970’s highest peek, not min existence any B. A racing car and also a driving car C. Great legend in NASCAR racing and overall great muscle car VIII. 1969 Pontiac GTO A. Great muscle car and expensive parts B. a high chance in improvement and higher motor C. Great competition car and muscle car IX. Shelby Cobra A. High expensive B. rare to find now and days C. Expensive and another great muscle car, great part of race car history Late 1900’s Muscle Cars In the late 1900’s the war was over and the production of vehicles bombed. In the beginning of the 1900’s and in the ending of the 1980’s there where some super cars called muscle cars. These muscle cars where very fast and popular vehicles back in the 1900’s. The first car that made this happen come true was the 1966, 67 Pontiac GTO. A muscle car was just a smaller vehicle with two passengers and that had V8 engine put into the vehicle. After the war so many people bought many vehicles and especially the best cars, such as the Mustangs and Camaro’s. There where muscle cars for the young men and for also the mature men in world. Now in days so many cars in the late 1900’s are so expensive because of how many there were sold and not many left. There aren’t many sold in the world because now in days, these cars aren’t made anymore and have gone extinct. Not have gone extinct but have not made cars like in the 1900’s no more. There’s only a handful of these vehicles left in the world there body work of the cars makes them expensive. In the late 1900’s there where only a handful of vehicles that were made in certain years. That’s what makes these certain muscle cars very rear to high collectors that want to specific cars with exact years. High collectors that want to have specific cars in the late 1900’s find them eventually, but usually these vehicles cost a lot of money. That’s why 1900’s vehicles are rear now in days. Second of all there are many cars that are still out there, but most cars that are found are very rusty or have been destroyed. The dream of a young kid or a young adult is to built there car of there dreams and they eventually do build there cars. Many people now in days don’t want to buy high expensive cars that have been fixed and ready to go. Many muscle car lovers, will love to build there car of there dreams by finding there vehicle beat up or destroyed. But once they find these vehicles they work on them themselves and love to build these cars from the â€Å"Ground, up†. This expression is used as saying that they love to start with an old beat up vehicle and restore it to its original form. But restoring a vehicle is not so easy now in days. This reason is because now in days there are harder parts to find on the year or model car you’re trying to find. Restoring a original muscle car will cost more then 20,000 to 30,000 dollars to restore the car that you always desired. But in the end many muscle cars love how they end up with there dream car and how they love there muscle cars. Some late 1900’s muscle cars are more expensive then others. Many people may say that because of the model of the car or the just because they have out more stuff in there original late 1900’s muscle car. There can be many things why so many people say that, some cars are more expensive then others. But the fact is that, some vehicles are just simply faster and have a better or bigger engine under the hood of the car. Another fact is that just simply that some muscle cars are most expensive then other because of the model or the year of that car. Many muscle cars aren’t found and the ones that find these cars are high and expensive. A real reason why a car being so expensive then other late muscle cars. Is the year and if it is rare and not many of those cars are found now in days. Some other reasons why some muscle cars are more expensive then others are because the motor they put into there original cars. Some other reasons are because the rareness of the car and also how many original parts they used on the car, will make the car more expensive because it’s more original. [pic]The 1967 Shelby GT 500 Mustang is the top muscle cars of its time and a very strong and powerful mustang. This mustang sold more then 100,000 in it’s year when it came out. In late 1965 to the late 1968 mustang where the most popular and best muscle cars of its time. By the end of the first year of the 1967 the mustang had been a want car for many muscle cars of it’s time and still is the best muscle car of its today. Today now and days this car is so expensive and so valuable to many car owners. A car like this would go for more then 40 to 50,000 dollars. The late 67 models are the most valuable because there’s not many of these models left in the world and that makes this very valuable and very expensive, but is also a great car now in days too. This car is considered to be the best muscle cars of all time and to be very valuable now in days. The 1967 Mustang went from 0 to 60 mph in 5. 5 seconds. [pic]Chevrolet Camaro SS, was the second highest popular car sold. This was the era were Chevrolet tried to copy the design of the mustang. It had accomplished it, by selling lots of Camaro’s but not as much as the Mustang’s. The 1967 Camaro was the second highest car to sell in nation wide, with over 80,000 cars sold in that one year. The Camaro came out with a V8 engine and with the choice of a 327 or a 350 small block engine. The horse power of the engine that came out of the engine was around 150 hp. On the Camaro they had â€Å"SS† this meant to say super sport; they meant to say super sport because it was a high powered engine and had lots of muscle for its time. The car did perform well but still couldn’t be able to defeat the 1967 Shelby Mustang. The Camaro went 0to 60 miles per hour in 7 seconds flat. [pic] The 1967 corvette coupe stingray was another great fast and very popular back in the 1900’s. The corvette had finished its 1967 model, many people may say that the model 1967 looks the same as the 1966 model but it came a bit different. It may seemed to looked the 1966 model but, not so much because the 1967 corvette came out with a 427 cubic engine that put out more then 200 hp. It had maximum speed of 140 miles per hour and went 0 to 60 mph in 4. 8 seconds. The 1967 corvette was the first car to have four disk brakes on all four wheels. [pic] The Plymouth Super bird was the car if its time was not any ordinary car, it was back in the day was a NASCAR racing muscle car. It was a muscle car of pure muscle and was a very fast car back in the days. The big tail in the back of the car was to give the car more stamina and make it lighter to make it go faster. This car was designed to be as a jet airplane back in the days. They made the body of the car like a jet airplane and it made the car straight forward that the car would go faster. The Superbird went 200 miles per hour and that was fast back in the days. The car went 200 miles per hour and came out more then 300 horsepower. This car was legendary because there aren’t many as before at all. Not as much as others. These cars where mostly used for racing. It went from 0 to 60 mph in 5. 6 seconds. [pic] The 1967 Pontiac GTO was a great and unexpected muscle car that no one saw coming. The Pontiac was a big surprise for many muscle lovers. The Pontiac was a big surprise because tit came out of no where. The Pontiac had potential and took it, the way the car it looks. It came out with a v8 motor and pumping out more then 300 horsepower and with a 400 cubic engine. The 1967 GTO was a high and unexpected car that no one saw and its overall speed was toped out at 100mph. Also from 0 to 60 miles per hour it got there in 6. 4 seconds. [pic] The Shelby was an old late 1900’s vehicle. This car was another race car back in the days and was very fast and just super bird. But this care is very rare because there aren’t too many of this body frames or cars like these in the world that exist anymore. That’s why this car is very straight forward and very nice car. It had been called the cobra because it strikes fast and it went as fast as the cobra. Work cited Page http://www. musclecarclub. com/musclecars/pontiac-gto/pontiac-gto-history. shtml, http://www. anythingaboutcars. com/1960s-muscle-cars. html http://bruceleibowitz. net/cars/camaro/camaro_history/ http://www. allpar. com/model/superbird. html http://www. helium. com/items/1257226-1960s-corvette