Thursday, November 28, 2019
Bilingualism s Bilingualism is the ability of an individual or the members of a community to use two languages effectively. Adjective: bilingual. Monolingualism refers to the ability to use a single language. The ability to use multiple languages is known as multilingualism. More than half of theÃ worlds population is bilingual orÃ multilingual: 56% of Europeans are bilingual, while 38% of the population in Great Britain, 35% in Canada, and 17% in the United States are bilingual (Multicultural America: A Multimedia Encyclopedia, 2013). Etymology From the Latin, two tongue Examples and Observations Bilingualism as the NormBilingualismmore generally, multilingualismis a major fact of life in the world today. To begin with, the worlds estimated 5,000 languages are spoken in the worlds 200 sovereign states (or 25 languages per state), so that communication among the citizens of many of the worlds countries clearly requires extensive bi- (if not multi-)lingualism. In fact, David Crystal (1997) estimates that two-thirds of the worlds children grow up in a bilingual environment. Considering only bilingualism involving English, the statistics that Crystal has gathered indicate that, of the approximately 570 million people world-wide who speak English, over 41 percent or 235 million are bilingual in English and some other language. . . . One must conclude that, far from being exceptional, as many lay people believe, bilingualism/multilingualismwhich, of course, goes hand in hand with multiculturalism in many casesis currently the rule throughout the world and will become increasingly s o in the future.(Tej K. Bhatia and William C. Ritchie, Introduction. The Handbook of Bilingualism. Blackwell, 2006) Global MultilingualismThe political history of the 19th and 20th centuries and the ideology of one stateone nationone language have given rise to the idea that monolingualism has always been the default or normal case in Europe and more or less a precondition for political loyalty. Facing this situation, it has been overlooked that the vast majority of the worlds populationin whatever form or conditionsis multilingual. This is quite obvious when we look at the linguistic maps of Africa, Asia or Southern America at any given time.(Kurt BraunmÃ ¼ller and Gisella Ferraresi, Introduction. Aspects of Multilingualism in European Language History. John Benjamins, 2003)Individual and Societal BilingualismBilingualism exists as a possession of an individual. It is also possible to talk about bilingualism as a characteristic of a group or community of people [societal bilingualism]. Bilinguals and multilinguals are most often located in groups, communities or in a particular region (e.g. Cata lans in Spain). . . . [C]o-existing languages may be in a process of rapid change, living in harmony or one rapidly advancing at the cost of the other, or sometimes in conflict. Where many language minorities exist, there is often language shift . . ..(Colin Baker and Sylvia Prys Jones, Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education. Multilingual Matters, 1998) Foreign Language Instruction in the U.S.For decades, U.S. policymakers, business leaders, educators, and research organizations have decried our studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ lack of foreign language skills and called for better language instruction. Yet, despite these calls for action, we have fallen further behind the rest of the world in preparing our students to communicate effectively in languages other than English.I believe the main reason for this disparity is that foreign languages are treated by our public education system as less important than math, science and English. In contrast, E.U. governments expect their citizens to become fluent in at least two languages plus their native tongue. . . .[F]oreign language instruction in the U.S. is frequently considered a luxury, a subject taught to college-bound students, more frequently in affluent than poor school districts, and readily cut when math or reading test scores drop or budget cuts loom.(Ingrid Pufahl, How Europe Does It. The New York Times, February. 7, 2010)
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Converse Terms Converse Terms Converse Terms By Sharon Ive been reading a book on linguistics recently. During the process I have discovered some new terminology, such as converse terms. This phrase describes pairs of words where one word reverses the relationship that is denoted by the first. As someone else put it, theres a relationship of equivalence. In other words, if you are my mother, then I have to be your daughter. If I am standing over a bridge, then the bridge is under my feet. Here are some more examples: ancestor and descendant before and after bequeath and inherit buy and sell doctor and patient employer and employee father and son give and receive guest and host husband and wife infer and imply lend and borrow parents and children predator and prey sister and brother teach and learn teacher and student trainer and trainee Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Spelling Test 1How to Pronounce MobilePreposition Mistakes #1: Accused and Excited
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Company Law - Essay Example AoA) or Memorandum of Association (MoA) (Tomasic, Bottomley and McQueen, 2002). The key legal issue identified is in the case scenario concentrates on whether the actions of Anna and Susanna were focused on yielding personal benefits or the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s interest. Step 2: The Relevant Law A companyÃ¢â¬â¢s management is generally administered by the provisions of Corporations Law under Section 134 which applies to companies as Ã¢â¬Ëreplaceable lawsÃ¢â¬â¢ by constitution. However, it is the sole discretion of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s management to decide on the number of replaceable laws to be applied which are mentioned in the Corporations Act 2001. Furthermore, Section 140(1)(b) of the Corporations Act 2001 states that replaceable and constitution laws are obliged to a contract engaging the company and its directors under which every director agrees to adhere to the rules and constitutions mentioned as per the organisational interests (PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2011). In relation to Section 198 of Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) the directors of the companies possess the authority to exercise all the discretionary powers except for those which require additional approvals in accordance to the constitution. With reference to Section 198C, the directors of a company may assign a managing director and bestow the personnel with responsibilities according to their convenience and requirements. Furthermore, the management also enjoys the authority to cancel or reassign powers of the managing director, who have been assigned with the discretion of all the directors (Tomasic, Bottomley and McQueen, 2002). Under the act, if a company or its entitled directors aim to appoint a managing director it must ensure that the formalities comply with the Corporations Act 2001 as mentioned under Section 198C. The law specifies that the directors of the company should adhere to certain rules that have been decided and assigned to the managing director, irrespective of their discreti onary powers. Breaching of contracts or agreements within the directors or shareholders of a company may lead to violation of the law as stated in Section 180(1) by the Corporate Law Reform Act 1992. A similar situation have been identified in the case of Vines v ASIC (2007) 73 NSWLR 451, where the director breached the common law or contract, and consequentially, the court agreed that the judgement could amount to sue the director for the damages caused by negligence of law (Pitt and Luxton, 2011). However, statutory defences are available under Sections 180(3) of the Business Judgement Rule which states that breach of contract can be defended if the director can prove that the decision and action taken was in relevant to the business operations of the corporation (Nadeau, 2006). Step 3: Apply the Law to the Problem Leaping Lizard Coffee Emporium Pty Ltd specialises in coffee and other coffee-related accessories. It operates as a private company formed by Joan, Anna, Prafula and Su sanna who were further designated as the directors of the company with equal share capital. In addition, the company consists of three members each owning 1000 ordinary class shares. The company has been registered under the Corporations Act 2001 in the year 2012 and adopted replaceable rules under Sections 6, 33A to 39, 198A and 198C. Besides, the company has appointed a managing direct
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
A World Transformation - Essay Example For example, if a person desires to make the world a better place to live in by safeguarding the environment, he should make a conscious effort of choosing the things that he uses, support the manufacturers and retailers which are more environmentally responsible, utilize renewable fuel, segregate waste, and volunteer in environment rehabilitation projects like tree planting. A person cannot start asking the government to institute these changes if he himself is not able and even willing to abide by these practices. It is impossible to influence others without really having the passion and commitment to institute these changes. Secondly, I believe that a worldwide transformation will be a matter of achieving individual moral excellence and discipline. It is irrefutable that the problems we are experiencing now are the results of our past actions and decisions. Thus, this can only be minimized and even eliminated if we choose to abide by what is morally right and restrain ourselves fr om doing wrong. Crimes are hugely a result of moral degradation and it can only be eliminated if each of us commits to a life of moral excellence. Moral excellence, on the other hand, is largely a factor of how we discipline ourselves and stick to what we perceive as right. Changing the world is a huge task which requires serious actions. Transformation is a complicated process which takes time and serious commitment to take place. Changing the world will only be possible if each of us will have the commitment to change ourselves.
Monday, November 18, 2019
Critical Analysis of Malcolm X Learning to Read - Essay Example Malcolm XÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Learning to ReadÃ¢â¬ has several important points. In addition to his narrative of how he got his education, Malcolm XÃ¢â¬â¢s essay also revealed how he came to be a leader of the black separatist movement that urged black Americans to cut their political, social and economic ties with the white community. The essay Ã¢â¬Å"Learning to ReadÃ¢â¬ emphasized more what it intended to say when it expressed the experience of incredulity of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s first attempt to write sensibly. Malcolm XÃ¢â¬â¢s first sentence Ã¢â¬Å"It was because of my letters that I happened to stumble upon starting to acquire some kind of a homemade educationÃ¢â¬ beautifully expressed the mindset when the author began his self-education.Ã Also, the comparison that he Ã¢â¬Å"had been the most articulate hustler out thereÃ¢â¬ yet he Ã¢â¬Å"wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t even functionalÃ¢â¬ to write a simple English provided the reader a Ã¢â¬Å"feelÃ¢â¬ of the difficulty of hi s experience of trying to write. Malcolm X was already an educated man when wrote his essay Ã¢â¬Å"Learning to ReadÃ¢â¬ but he chose to use the analogy Ã¢â¬Å"nearly all the words that might as well have been in ChineseÃ¢â¬ to depict the colloquial perspective of an uneducated man who was having a hard time understanding the text of the books. We may think that assigning the word Ã¢â¬Å"ChineseÃ¢â¬ to a written text that is not understood to be wrong but the context of the essay made it appropriate and emphatic.... The usage of a street language Ã¢â¬Å"some kind of homemade educationÃ¢â¬ also emphasized without explaining further what his state of mind was. Also, the comparison that he Ã¢â¬Å"had been the most articulate hustler out thereÃ¢â¬ yet he Ã¢â¬Å"wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t even functionalÃ¢â¬ to write a simple English provided the reader a Ã¢â¬Å"feelÃ¢â¬ of the difficulty of his experience of trying to write. Malcolm X was already an educated man when wrote his essay Ã¢â¬Å"Learning to ReadÃ¢â¬ but he chose to use the analogy Ã¢â¬Å"nearly all the words that might as well have been in ChineseÃ¢â¬ to depict the colloquial perspective of an uneducated man who was having a hard time understanding the text of the books. We may think that assigning the word Ã¢â¬Å"ChineseÃ¢â¬ to a written text that is not understood to be wrong but the context of the essay made it appropriate and emphatic. In between his understanding how the white man had oppressed the non-whites, Malcolm X craft ily narrated his journey towards his learning that is engaging to the reader. The narration about how he would sneak past the guard to read during Ã¢â¬Å"lights outÃ¢â¬ time in prison made the essay more personal and engaging. The emphasis on his painstaking effort to copy the whole library to his tablet and reading it aloud to himself tells that he literally started as ignorant about the written text. Then slowly, his word based broadened and begun to understand the books that he wanted to read. From then on, there was no stopping for him to read and to search further for knowledge. It will be inappropriate to describe that Malcolm X was able to educate himself despite him being in prison. In his words, he was even grateful of his circumstances because it lead him towards erudition, Ã¢â¬Å"prison enabled
Friday, November 15, 2019
Japanese Animation And Its Globalization Japanese anime traces its roots to the early 1900s but not many of the early works have survived for varied reasons. One of the reasons that led to the loss of these works was the sale of reels to smaller cinemas once the clips had run. These were then disassembles and sold as single frames, but even with the loss of the early anime works, Japanese anime made major popularity growth in the 1970s when filmmakers in Japan experimented with animation techniques used in the western world (West (2008). The reason for this success was that in as much as the filmmakers explored the western techniques, they totally distanced themselves with the western roots and instead developed different genres among the mecha. With this, anime went main stream in Japan in the 80s and what followed was an explosion in production. Real Robot, Space Opera, Macross and Gundam were among some of 80s most successful anime. Today, as other sectors in the Japanese economy are struggling, revenue from anime related products has risen to over $100 billion, up from a tenth of this figure ten years ago (Brienza 2009). Anime is undoubtedly a savior to the Japanese culture. It is of a lot of interest to be able to understand how what was initially targeted at Japanese children has today become such a global sensation. This is what we seek to find out. Growth and Globalization of Japanese Animation Growth of anime a midst issues of language barrier and distinct world cultures is one thing that has never ceased to amaze anime lovers and critics alike. The world is today a global village and anime has been embraced in all the corners of the globe, with fans linking and discussing new and old productions in blogs and fan sites (Leonard, 2004). One of the things that fueled growth of anime to the corners of the world was fan distribution. Fan Distribution Anime was distributed among fans in the 70s through to the 90s via various non conventional methods. Fans made copies which were circulated to other fans and this created anime fan networks especially in America which imported and distributed videos to a large number of underground enthusiasts (Leonard, 2004).All this happened during the pre internet age and with the growth of fan networks, so did many players within those circles make fortunes. Knowledge and love for Japanese animation spread via these underground networks and in the process widespread commercial exploitation of anime was witnessed. Popularity of Anime in the American market It should be very well understood that the American cultural Imperialism was not a factor in pulling anime and other Japanese products to America and instead people voluntarily accepted anime for reasons that some experts say were because they provided an alternative to Hollywood (Davis, 2008). As technology improved, so did the fan networks make use of the available technologies to spread the anime message and more enthusiasts came on board. Language barrier was overcome when the fans added sub titles to the videos and as a matter of fact, fan subtitles is an exclusive feature of anime. The subtitles were facilitated at the end of the 80s in America following a wide availability of computers that were mainly Commodore Amiga and Macintosh brands (Auzenne, 1994). The availability of generator locking device, a hardware that enabled television sets to accept two simultaneous signals of video signal and computer output made it possible to have subtitles that were recorded on cassettes and distributed to the large network of fans. With sub titles, fans could not only appreciate the graphics but also understand the content of anime and how they depicted the various aspects of the Japanese culture. One of the most successful anime was Astra Boy, a production that realized huge commercial success and is still loved today. (Auzenne, 1994). When Walt Disney released Spirited Away directed by Hayao Miyazaki which did very well both in America and Japan at some point out selling Titanic in Japan, the film industry took notice and currently, American film companies making investments in this segment (Davis, 2008). They are mainly attracted to anime for their costs, producing anime is way cheaper than the block busters and they do make huge successes in theatres and DVD sales, coupled with the movie industry being very high risk and big budget productions failing miserably, anime has presented a wonderful opportunity to film makers in America to break even with their productions Anime has since evolved from an underground fortune maker in the 70s to a mainstream commercially viable industry. In America, anime has won the hearts of many and the winning of an Oscar by Miyazaki Hayaos anime, Spirited Away, in 2002 for best animated feature film was a clear show of just how much anime has been embraced in the American way of life (Davis, 2008). Today, America is animes biggest market with anime TV programs in the US jumping from13 at the start of the 90s to 37 in the first quarter of 2006 (Davis, 2008). In 2004, the revenues from character licensing, home videos and cinema screenings topped $2.94 billion which was much more than what the value of steel imported by US from Japan, additionally Pokemon and Yu-Gi-Oh! made it to Americas top five prime time animated programs, anime is clearly Japans biggest export to the states today. Technology has since been a catalyst to the spread of anime as fans could with the internet, link and deliberate on topics and new releases (Auzenne, 1994). Subtitlers also known as fansubbers have also not been left behind, today, they can easily find each other online and work together to translate the latest anime. The translation process for Manga entails a fan scanning the pages and e mailing them to a translator who would then translate to a language of choice, usually English, a proofreader would then check the translation after which some other person known as the cleaner would replace the Japanese with English into the speech bubbles. The final product is then available for free down loads online. The internet has presently given room for publishing and distribution of anime at an unforeseen scale and is one of its biggest growth ingredients. Japanese anime has managed to stand up to American cartoon productions for reasons that it is much un-Disney and therefore offers an alternative to animation lovers in other parts of the world like Europe where several people are quite uncomfortable with American productions for their materialism and vulgarism which is likely to influence their rich cultural heritage that has been kept for many generations, a risk they cannot afford. Some critics argue that the world is moving towards homogeneity with the American culture being the world culture but the acceptance of anime and Manga in Europe for fear of being Americanized is a clear show that people around the world are yet to put their cultural heritage aside for the American way of life. Anime clearly differentiates gender with market niches properly divided for girls, boys, young men and women. Manga separates gender roles and this makes the dramatic anime story line in gender inclining tales when characters bridge the wide gap between the sexes. A typical example is the anime Ranma 1/2 based on a Manga by Rumiko Takahashi in which a boy who because of a previous dip in a Chinese magic pool turns into a girl when splashed with cold water. The extremes of the two genders are clearly depicted in this piece (Levi, McHarry Pagliassotti 2008). Americans have clearly gone beyond acceptance and taken the business opportunities presented by the popularity of manga and anime. Hollywood has not been left out of the boom and Walt Disney has today made enormous investments in the art, which apart from being popular, is also lucrative, coming at a time when most box office movies are not breaking even, anime is not just a rescue to the Japanese culture but a shot in the arm to Hollywood . Anime and manga in Europe and other parts of the world Other than America, Miyazakis Spirited Away also won a Golden Bear Award at the Berlin International Film Festival in 2002. As at the start of 2006 there were 18 Japanese anime airing on a German TV channel. China is one place that Japanese anime is not expected to be very popular given the seriousness with which foreign content is restricted by the government. The debut of the animated feature film Gin-iro-no Kami no Agito at 1000 theatres in the spring of 2006 in China was a show of how just much Japanese anime has taken over the world. The reason for anime success outside Japan, Kubo Masakavu, the chief producer of Pokeman said, was the quality that is very different from western animation with the difference being its characters that he said capture the heart of viewers and brings out their emotions (West, M. I. 2008). The United Kingdom is one of the most consecutive countries. The British have for generations been skeptical about other cultures and today, they broadcast very distinct TV programs from their American brothers. A look at programming on Cebebees, a children channel of the BBC, depicts a culture that has kept its morals intact for generations. It is with these conservative ideologies that the acceptance of Manga and anime in the British culture has never ceased to amaze many critics. When anime by the name, the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles debuted in the UK, the audience felt that the word Ninja was an inappropriate connotation that was unfit for the animes young audience and the title was changed to Teenage Mutant Hero Turtles. (Laird Eastman, 2009). Several articles were written about anime in major newspapers especially in The Independent during the early 90s when Island World and the horror story Urotsukidoji were released with the later being poorly rated by its audience who claimed to have had nightmares. (Laird Eastman, 2009). Even with many articles in the UK papers, there was never an anti-anime wave in the country and there was a belief of anime explosion like in other European countries, something that never happened, the British did accept anime and manga but on their own terms, choosing to edit what they see as inappropriate and embracing what suits their way of life. The same is not however the case in Spain, France, Sweden and Italy where anime has had an explosion with an active fan base who have web sites at all levelsb to keep the enthusiasts in touch with each other and new releases. The love for anime in China China has for the past 30 years been a market that the Japanese anime have quite some grip and currently, millions of anime and manga consumers live in China giving rise to a market of $14.6 billion a year (Brienza, 2009). Anime debuted China in 1979 with Astro Boy which is one of Japans most known anime characters, which was aired on China Central Television (CCTV) in black and white in 1980 after translation to Chinese. Astro boy was at that time used as an image to promote Casio calculator products which have since been very popular in China and so has Japanese anime with comic books being major components of stock at most magazine kiosks in Shanghai (Chen, 2006). The Chinese government has today banned Japanese anime like Death Note from TV broadcast but that action hasnt stopped the millions of fans who have sought the anime on pirated television shows and DVDs alongside fan sites. Young Chinese today, do not really care about the historical differences between the two nations in their consumption of cartoon products, which they do indiscriminately by going for what appeals to them (Brienza,2009) People tend to embrace exotic cultures when certain aspects of these cultures share into their local values. Japanese anime have themes of perseverance, friendship, striving towards certain goals and fighting a good fight which appeals to the global audience and this has made it very acceptable to many (Bouissou J. 2006). Anime however, got language gateways through English, Chinese and French via which the cartoon art extended globally. With the help of amateur subtitlers, in the 80s and 90s, the anime gospel was taken to English speaking nations and this breakthrough is one of the reasons the art is where it is presently. With chinas population at worlds highest today, manga and anime can only get bigger in this part of the world, presenting a wonderful opportunity to industry players to show their creative prowess by continually releasing to the market, productions that will live through generations. Techniques in Japanese anime Some of the techniques used in creating these globally acceptable productions include character design, coloring and eye size (Brienza, 2009). Characters are designed to human body proportions to separate them from western cartoons, this sometimes vary when if emphasis is needed on certain body parts. The eyes in anime are usually large to show distinct emotions. The technique is believed to have been first used by Osamu Tezuka who borrowed it from American cartoon characters like Mickey Mouse and Betty Boop. Coloring that is usually added to the cornea is intended to give depth to the eyes, it should however be noted that not all anime have large eyes and some works especially by Toshiro Kawamoto and Hayao Miyazaki have been known for proportional eyes with realistic colors which is very close to Japanese art. Music in Japanese anime Music in used in productions is very close to Japanese pop, as an industry, anime has developed its own genre known as anison. Anime today has its own songs and the release of an animation video is usually accompanied by a soundtrack album. Behind the United States is Japan in terms of the of the music market with most of the music consumed in Japan being Japanese. The music combines kanji (on sound) and the gaku (fun and comfort) to produce what the Japanese call ongaku, a genre of music which is well incorporated in anime (Brienza, 2009). Anime in South America Latin America has not been left out with manga and anime enthusiasts found in Venezuela, Chile, Mexico and throughout the entire region. Several websites have been set up in this part of the world to help connect fans and provide a platform for sharing and discussing anime related issues. Anime News Network (ANN) Latin America is one such site that has enabled fans to make contributions and share their anime experiences (Bouissou, 2006). The site has created chapters in most if not all of the South American countries to help fans connect and share issues at country level. The emergence of such sites have been a major tool in facilitating non English and French speaking nations appreciate anime. Fans get the Espanola and Portuguese translations very fast and can as well collaborate in sub titling which in most cases end up in enthusiasts setting businesses from the collaborations and making fortunes from these ventures. Anime News Network Latin America also runs a weekly podcast where hosts give opinions on the days news, review of some of the latest titles on offer; interview some major players in the anime and manga industry. Listeners can at the same time call in and make contributions to the topics being discussed as well as pose questions to guests. The site has a section where fans can find certain features of Japan including guided tour of interesting historic sites and for such, it has been a good way of fans connecting to the characters beyond the videos by understanding how they are regarded in the Japanese culture (Schodt 1996). Similar sites have been set up in South Africa, India, Australia and many other regions of the world to serve enthusiasts in the same way. It worth noting that Japanese anime is not only meant for entertainment but is also used in education sector especially in Japan and is working very well with kids who find it as a very friendly illustration tool. Conclusion Manga and anime have clearly gone global and is today appreciated by people of diverse cultural beliefs and walks of life. There is unanimity that people went for manga and the fan networks in the 70s flourished because of the content of anime which has since stayed the same. There is a general feeling that the whole world is converging at the American culture a view which we have seen as not true with many nations accepting manga just because it is an opposite alternative to American cartoons. The globalization of anime started at a time when sharing information was very difficult with tapes being delivered physically from one fan to the next, which is very different from today where fans can with internet, at the click of a button link to share ideas and even go further and cooperate on anime projects without any physical contacts. The genre of anime can today get access into more cultures with these technological advancements. There is however a general consensus on the strength and morality in the Japanese culture, which has appealed to many, who interact with anime and manga. Anime today, from the figures released by Japanese and American authorities is not only a major revenue earner to the worlds third largest economy but also a leading cultural ambassador, which has done quite a good job in letting the world know and appreciate the uniqueness of the Japanese way of life (Chen Teng 2006), Producers of anime should continue giving the world wonderful entertainment, something they have for close to 100 years done with great perfection and sense of responsibility. Having kept their content above the expected minimum for close to a century, todays anime enthusiasts have no doubt that more generations from all over the world will be entertained by anime.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Killing is Easy, Living is Hard I did my best to kill Bobby Ackerman late one April night when we were both seventeen. We were speeding down a two-lane highway, a narrow trail of asphalt that sailed off a ridge and down into a long, sweeping right-hand turn and then rushed past a white stucco house with a tile roof, a house that crowned the hill beyond a quaint covered bridge over a dry creek bed running parallel to the road. We were descending toward a little town named Crane, and we were flying. "Geez, man," Bobby said. I looked toward the passenger seat as the Plymouth dug into the arc of the curve. BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes were wide. "Slow down, slow down." Bobby grasped the armrest with one hand and braced his left leg against the hump in the floorboard. I could smell the beer on his breath as he fought to stay in the seat. The old sedan wallowed back toward the right lane. It was the first time I'd driven his car. But it wasn't Bobby's car, really. It was his dad's. His dad was a railroad engineer, complete with the traditional bib overalls and cloth cap. Bobby was my friend, trapped like me in the last year of high school. But he was different. I was secretive, sullen, and sarcastic, but Bobby was outgoing, with an ever-present desire to please sometimes amplified by a brittle manic energy. I liked beer, the drug of choice for our generation, but Bobby liked beer too much. That night he needed someone to drive him home. Now I had the old car racing down the road and off the ridge at something close to 80 mph simply because that was all the speed I could wring out of it. I'd made one turn, but there was one more ahead before we entered the valley and the town that lay astraddle a creek. The next turn was a sharp, banking left-hander, edged by a dozen or so white posts laced together by steel cables, and oncoming traffic was obscured by a little hill. I caught a glimpse of a yellow sign ahead, one marked with a black arrow curving around the words 35 mph, but I didn't lift my foot from the accelerator. My hands chased the steering wheel, persuading, begging the car to stay off the limestone bluff to the right, and the old sedan was reluctant, never steady, demanding one correction after another.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
November 13, 1864 I am cursed. It is obvious now. Maybe that's what being a vampire means. Maybe tragedy and evil come with the hunger and the fangs; it isn't just having to live off human blood. It is the unending aloneness, being cut off from real life and from real relationships. Death will always be there to separate me from those I loved. There is a scroll of names in my head, and the list kept getting longer every day. Rosalyn was the first to die because of me. Katherine couldn't stand that I was engaged, so she killed the girl. Even Katherine's blood was on my hands. Though she came into my and my brother's lives and turned them upside down. She died as a result of my actions. I should never have tried to reason with my father, never tried to convince him of a different viewpoint. As soon as he confided in me about the vampire hunt, I should have done everything I could to get Katherine out of town. Pearl. She, too, could have escaped. I don't know exactly what her story was, but she seemed far more peaceable than Katherine. Alice the barmaid. All the humans I fed on in New Orleans. Too many to name, even if I had bothered learning their names. They were just unlucky folk who accidentally crossed my path when I was hungry or needed something. Callie. She died because I was stupid enough to think that she would be rewarded for helping out two vampires. The Sutherlands. Bridget, Lydia, Mrs. Sutherland, and Winfield. A normal family who just happened to catch the attention of one insane, vengeful vampire. And now Lexi. Lexi should have stayed in New Orleans in her hostel for the undead, safe in her own world where she could continue her own version of doing good. She will be the next to die unless I figure out how to save her. I have spent too much time in New York bemoaning my fate, moping, feeling cursed. By standing idly by, by complaining, I am letting evil occur all around me. Now is the time for action, for justice. I must channel my loneliness and despair into rage. I must stop being a coward, as I've always been, in both life, when I let my father bully me into a marriage I didn't want, and in death, when I've allowed Damon to torture me and kill the people I love. Never again will I let others bend me to their will. From now on I will fight. And I will free Lexi, if it is the last thing I do. I crumpled the piece of paper in my fist, growling with anger. How had he taken her? I hadn't heard a thing, even with my vampire senses. The servants, a couple of mice and rats in the walls, but nothing else. The vampire Lucius had come in complete silence and managed to seize Ã¢â¬â or disable Ã¢â¬â Lexi before she was able to cry out. What speed, what Power this beast must have! But for all of the vampire's ancientness, for all that he was a Ã¢â¬Å"direct descendant from Hell,Ã¢â¬ for all of the monster he was, he had, with that single piece of paper, revealed one very human weakness about himself. He had a very petty need to gloat. If Damon were in his place, I would have come downstairs and seen Lexi dead on the floor. But the beast wanted me to know that everyone around me was in danger, to scare me before he killed me. Now there was only one thing on my mind. If Lexi was still alive, it was my duty to go after her and save her. And if she wasn't aliveÃ¢â¬ ¦ it was my right and pleasure to kill Klaus's foot soldier. This I swore. What was it he had said in the prison? An eye for an eye. He took something valuable from me and Damon, our wives and their family, because we had taken Katherine from him. But the Sutherlands were human, of no importance and very easily disposed of. His beloved Katherine died in a church fire. What ifÃ¢â¬ ¦ The words struggled to the surface of my brain. What if he planned on killing Lexi the same way? Suddenly I felt like I had a chance again. But which church? There had to be hundreds in the city. I ran outside. The smell of decay hung heavy in the air, as though Lucius had unwittingly laid a path for me. I followed it south, feeling as though I were gaining strength with each step that brought me closer to where Lexi might be Ã¢â¬â and who I should be. I had tried to stay away from humans, and that hadn't worked. I had tried living with them, with disastrous results. But I had never tried a more moderate path. I would never be human, but I could help them, as I'd helped Bridget that night in the park. I could never live among humans, but I could find companionship among humans like Mrs. Sutherland and vampires like Lexi. Those ties would tether me to this world and keep me honest. I ran past a brick town house and grabbed a pigeon in midflight from the air, tearing into its neck for extra fuel. The stench was stronger now, and I saw an Irish Catholic church just two streets away. I knew people had actually been worried about this particular structure being torched, as had been done to others during the religious riots in Pennsylvania. But the place was quiet, with several old women sitting in the front pews, and oddly, the scent of decay that had permeated the air outside so strongly had evaporated. There was no odor of anything besides candles and incense burning at the altar. I slunk into a back pew and regarded the rose oculus window. The scene depicted a grieving Mother Mary in lapis lazuli blue as the sun, a bloody garnet, rose behind her. I closed my eyes and thought, hard. Why had Lucius thrown me off his scent? Was I wrong to assume that he wanted to bait me, so I could arrive at the correct church just as he put the match to the powder keg? What church would he choose Ã¢â¬â and why? Then it hit me: I was being stupid. The vampire had done due diligence and found out exactly where my bride's family lived; he wouldn't have just chosen a random church to burn down. He would have picked the chapel in which I was married. I knew the truth of this deep in my bones. But just as surely I knew that I couldn't go after him by myself. And there was only one person who was capable of helping me. Damon. Damon, who had trapped me into the stupid marriage that got the Sutherlands all killed. Damon, who had killed Callie. Damon, who swore to make my life a living hell for all eternity. But in the end I needed him. I had seen him control his powers in ways I could not. And I would need all the Power I could get on my side if I was to find a way to defeat an old one. Lexi had rescued us from prison, and surely even someone as debased and fallen as Damon would recognize that we owed her. The only problem was finding him. And now, I think I'm ready for a drink was what he had said. For most vampires that only meant one thing. For my brother, well, he could easily have meant hitting the bottle as well as draining a person or two. But where? In the weeks between following me to New York and Ã¢â¬Å"findingÃ¢â¬ me at the Chesters' ball, he had, as Lexi said, been sweeping the New York society scene as an Italian count. He had probably talked Ã¢â¬â or compelled Ã¢â¬â his way into any number of private clubs or restaurants. I wracked my brains, trying to remember the prattle Bridget had bored me with, about who was seen where with whom, and where was the latest place to go, and how there was an oyster bar serving genuine Pimm's Cup, just like in England. For lack of any better idea, I went there first. It was a lovely place in an otherwise unwholesome area at the southern seaport. Uncertain-looking sailors wandered from pool of streetlight to pool of streetlight, gathering in twos and threes to quietly discuss the seedier side of import and export, laugh loudly, and sing old drinking songs. Among all of this rotting seaweed, though, fancy livery and decorated carriages were parked: society men lured by the oysters, Pimm's Cups, and the dangerous aspect of the place. Inside there were quite a few of the young men I had seen at the Chesters' ball, as well as at my own wedding. Even Bram was there, but he was keeping to himself and looked ill. His face was ashen and his eyes sunken, and he wore black ribbons around his sleeves for mourning. His drink was untouched and he just stared sadly out the windows at the river. I turned my back to him, not wanting him to call out that a murderer Ã¢â¬â as he no doubt thought I was Ã¢â¬â was in their midst. I beckoned for the hostess to come over. Ã¢â¬Å"Has D Ã¢â¬â uh, the Count DeSangue been by here tonight?Ã¢â¬ I asked. The girl looked me up and down, face flushing with excitement. Ã¢â¬Å"With him accused of murder and this being his favorite place and me being his favorite girl, what on earth would make me tell you something like that?Ã¢â¬ I could see by the thick scarf she wore around her neck that she wasn't just warding off the cold night air Ã¢â¬â this had definitely been one of Damon's haunts. I started to reach into my pocket for bribe money. She saw where I was going and shook her head. Ã¢â¬Å"Not on your life, love. Not for Damon.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You have no idea who he is, or what you're getting involved in,Ã¢â¬ I growled, grabbing her wrist. Her face fell and she tried to struggle out of my grasp. Ã¢â¬Å"Listen to me. I'm Stefan Salvatore Ã¢â¬â the other man accused of murdering the Sutherlands. Neither one of us did it, all right? We're both on the run from the police. Now tell me where he is.Ã¢â¬ I didn't compel her. I didn't exactly threaten her. But she nodded mutely and I relaxed my grip. Ã¢â¬Å"I don't know,Ã¢â¬ she said, rubbing her wrist. Ã¢â¬Å"I know he liked a drink at some of those fancy uptown places like the Skinny Black Cat and Xerxes' Repose. He even had his own table at the Twenty-Two Club.Ã¢â¬ At that moment a waitress came out. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you talking about the count?Ã¢â¬ she asked, an excited grin spreading across her face. I sighed. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, he once took me to Strange Fruit just a few blocks down.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"He took you on a date?Ã¢â¬ the hostess said, envy apparent in her voice. The waitress nodded proudly. Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you,Ã¢â¬ I said, meaning it. Lexi or Damon would have compelled the women to forget me at that point. I sighed, thinking about how much easier life would be if my Powers were stronger and my will weaker. I checked Winfield's pocket watch. It was five A.M.; an hour had passed since Lexi and I had first entered the mansion. Time was ticking by far too quickly for my liking, and every minute seemed to seal Lexi's fate more completely. Seconds later I was standing inside the door of Strange Fruit, a large, low, dark bar with giant wooden fans slowly turning overhead. The sailors who couldn't get into the oyster bar were there, along with every type of shady personality, lost soul, and criminal genius that managed to stay just this side of the law. Damon sat at a small rickety table by himself in just his shirtsleeves, a half-empty bottle of bourbon before him. Ã¢â¬Å"Nursing your wounds?Ã¢â¬ I asked, walking over. He didn't even bother looking surprised. Ã¢â¬Å"A minor setback, brother. Don't forget I have those dowry checks. As soon as things quiet down a bit I, and they, are out of this town.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Doubtful any bank would cash a check for a suspected murderer.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You really need to stop thinking like a human and start thinking like a vampire. There is no bank teller I can't compel.Ã¢â¬ He stretched languorously and poured some drink into his glass. Then he offered the glass to me, and chugged a big swallow directly from the bottle. Ã¢â¬Å"I need your help,Ã¢â¬ I said, pushing the glass away. I handed him the piece of paper and filled him in on what had happened. He squinted his eyes as he read it. Ã¢â¬Å"So?Ã¢â¬ I looked at him, gape-mouthed. Ã¢â¬Å"He has Lexi,Ã¢â¬ I repeated. Then, afraid he was too drunk to understand what that meant, I pointed out the obvious. Ã¢â¬Å"We have to save her!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Mm.Ã¢â¬ He thought about it for a moment. Ã¢â¬Å"Nope.Ã¢â¬ He made a big show of slowly kicking his legs back up onto the table, as if he had been in the midst of an important activity when I had interrupted him. Ã¢â¬Å"What is wrong with you?Ã¢â¬ I demanded. Ã¢â¬Å"You saw him Ã¢â¬â he'll destroy her!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"So what?Ã¢â¬ Damon asked. Ã¢â¬Å"It was her choice to come to New York. No one asked her to come up here.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She got us out of prison Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"We, excuse me, I was doing, just fine in that department. You forget. We could have gotten out on our own. We didn't need her for that. She was meddling. If further meddling got her captured, well, that's her own damn fault.Ã¢â¬ The anger that had ignited in me upon finding the note from the beast was now stoked into a rage that almost had me turning into full vampire mode. For just a moment, I didn't care who saw me. Ã¢â¬Å"You,Ã¢â¬ I said, trying to calm down, trying to put the blackness I felt into words. Damon sat up and looked me in the eye almost eagerly, waiting for the fight. Ã¢â¬Å"You areÃ¢â¬ ¦ you areÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I spat. Ã¢â¬Å"I am what you made me,Ã¢â¬ Damon said dully, lifting his glass as though to toast me. I grabbed his shoulders. Ã¢â¬Å"No. You don't have to be a heartless killer. Even Katherine wasn't that.Ã¢â¬ Damon's eyes flashed. Ã¢â¬Å"Don't speak to me about who Katherine was! I knew her better than you did.Ã¢â¬ I shook my head. Ã¢â¬Å"Even you know that's not true. You loved her more, but I knew her just as well. All Katherine wanted was for the three of us to be together forever. She would not have wanted us to be at odds, fighting. She would not have wanted this.Ã¢â¬ The surprise and anger on his face at what I'd said was almost worth it. Almost. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm going to save Lexi. Or die trying. And if by some miracle I don't die Ã¢â¬â I never want to see you again.Ã¢â¬ And before he could prepare some witty comeback or some threat, I banged my way out into the night, leaving my brother behind forever.
Friday, November 8, 2019
Inspirational Quotes from Mother Teresa These quotes from Mother Teresa would be great additions to graduation or other classroom speeches. Use these in conjunction with themes and speech writing techniques. Yesterday is gone. Tomorrow has not yet come. We have only today. Let us begin.Give yourself fully to God. He will use you to accomplish great things on the condition that you believe much more in His love than in your own weakness.Little things are indeed little, but to be faithful in little things is a great thing.We cannot do great things on this Earth, only small things with great love.Let no one ever come to you without leaving better and happier.If you judge people, you have no time to love them.Kind words can be short and easy to speak, but their echoes are truly endless.God doesnt require us to succeed, he only requires that you try.We know only too well that what we are doing is nothing more than a drop in the ocean. But if the drop were not there, the ocean would be missing something.Reach high, for stars lie hidden in your soul. Dream deep, for every dream precedes the goal.I can do things you cannot, you can do things I cannot; together we can do great things.Do not wait for leaders; do it alone, person to person. More Information: Inspirational Quotes for Speeches
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Math Like This Essays - Mathematics, Algebra, Polynomials Math Like This Simply Put Song: Chorus I never knew there was a Math like this before Never had someone to show me math Math like this before Verse 1 I?m glad that Petro showed me How to graph equations so I can see That finding rational zeros can be easy Polynomials were such a boo hoo Until Petro showed me how to Using the rational root theorem was what I had to do And that?s why I say Chorus Verse 2 The leading coefficient is An The number with the highest exponent Ao?s the number with no variable yeah, yeah (2x) Factors of Ao are all in P Those of An are in q you see + or ? p over q are possible zeros So now I hope you understand Chorus Hatch match ? ch.4 vocabulary Match the vocabulary terms in Column A to their correct definitions in Column B. Column a column b Root A. an inequality of the form Y >ax + bx +c Complex number B. any number that can be Written in the form in the Form a+bi Degree C. a solution of the equation P(x)=0 Polynomial equation D. a shortcut for dividing a Polynomial by a binomial Zero E. the variable with the Greatest exponent Quadratic inequality F. a value of x for which f(x)=0 Synthetic division G. a polynomial that is set equal to zero Discriminant H. the express under the radical sign in the quadratic formula Who am I ? Write the proper term to the following descriptions in the space provided. I?m the formula x = -b + b ? 4ac / 2a, that gives the roots of the quadratic equation of the form ax + bx +c , with a = 0. Don?t you know me by now ? I?m none other than the_________________________________ My name seems a lot more complicated than I really am. I provide a means for dramatically lowering the number of rational values that you might test to find rational roots of a polynomial equation with integral coefficients. My formula is + or ? P over q. I?m the notorious _______________ _______ ___________ I am in the family of complex numbers. That is , combined with my sibling , Real numbers. I can often be the root of a polynomial function. My definition is the form of a + bi where b is not equal to zero and the imaginary unit is i. I?m simply an__________________________ I?m in the quadratic formula . Actually, I?m the expression under the radical sign expressed as b ? 4ac. I am the _____________________ , the one who tells the nature of the roots of the quadratic equation. MR. RADIAN There you go again , Mr. Radian! Constantly making my head spin! Always making me switch from degrees just for you to your best, Then almost always making me fail a test! There you go again , Mr. Radian! When I?m using you, I don?t seem to win! ? What?s the sine of 90 , you consistently ask ! Maybe it?s because you know I?ll barely pass! There you go again , Mr. Radian! You really make it hard for me to contend! ? The tangent of 180 is 0!?, you say But that?s okay because I?m gonna beat you today!! Here I come again , Mr. Radian! To quit now would be a sin! So I?ll try and try , getting help from my friend Until I have My VICTORY in the end!!!! Trig Is Your Life! Find the hidden terms in the puzzle. SMLANOITARZKAP FZEROGPHOJLMQI CDWLCTDSEAITUP ERIVXLYFNMCBOT NTBSJZSIAI JLHN TEKOCTMGTZYDUE RNGZHRICVNRANM AIWPENIOOPOIEG LSMTAUTMIXOBOS AOORXNIPIKTJFS NCYSJATLWNZCPX GVDKLQRELEAKGL LBXCUSOXBNINQB EWNAIDARUIZLTZ ZSECTORVYSXDRO COMPLEX RADIAN DISCRIMINANT COSINE IMAGINARY COTERMINAL POLYNOMIAL CENRAL ANGLE RATIONAL SECTOR ROOT SEGMENT ZERO ANGLE MANGLE TANGLE Match the congruent values. Hatch match ? ch. 5 vocabulary Match the vocabulary terms in Column A to their correct definitions in Column B. Column A column b Radian A. the triangular law expressed as a=b+c-2ab cos B Angle of Depression B. the triangular law expressed as A / sin a=b / sin b= c / sin c Linear Velocity C. distance traveled per unit time Law of Cosines D. the change in the central angle with respect to time as an object moves along a circular Law of Sines path Central Angle E. the angle between a horizontal line and the line of sight from the observer to an Coterminal Angles object at a lower level Angular Velocity F. two angles in standard positions that have the same terminal
Monday, November 4, 2019
Coleman as a Lens for Parts of the Mooney Book - Essay Example He sought out to learn how others managed to move out of and beyond such labels by buying his short bus. He then travelled across the country in search of children who held on to dreams of beautiful and magical ways of overcoming obstacles that separate them from what is otherwise referred to as Ã¢â¬Ëthe normal worldÃ¢â¬â¢. Coleman sets out to demystify the stigma surrounding the enigma of Ã¢â¬ËnormalcyÃ¢â¬â¢ to shed light on the inexistence of what society has labeled normal (Brown 179--192). The deviation from normative social categories created by the ones in the majority can result into a source of stigma for anyone according to Brown. Disability should not be painted or represented positively for those with shortcomings to counter the stigma experienced in society. Instead, the positive attributes and unique gifting of everyone is what makes the universe appreciate all in it and forge a sense of oneness. This is a reflection evident in MooneyÃ¢â¬â¢s book when he meets Brent in chapter three, Ã¢â¬ËThe hole in the doorÃ¢â¬â¢ (Mooney 46). The interaction is one that elicits confidence and courage to face life and defines real living as finding a personÃ¢â¬â¢s own way to keep on. Coleman puts it that the concept of stigma places superiority on one and inferiority on another (Brown 179--192). The sense of Ã¢â¬ËnormalcyÃ¢â¬â¢ is just a conception of those who consider themselves Ã¢â¬ËnormalÃ¢â¬â¢ preying on the idea that those who lack one or two physiological functions are Ã¢â¬ËabnormalÃ¢â¬â¢. The people considering their selves superior need affirmation from those they consider inferior, which in the real sense is fallacious (Link and Phelan 363--385). Mooney in relating with the story of Brent shows how the world around children with special needs can denigrate them and curtail the achievement of their full potential. The message that the world around Brent sends him is that he is broken and has to change or be fixed somehow, something
Friday, November 1, 2019
Pathophysiology of Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease - Research Paper Example AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is normally classified into three different groups; Early onset, Late onset and familial. This paper analyses the dimensions of late onset AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s. Pathophysiology of "Late Onset" Alzheimer's Disease It is estimated that more than 4.5 million people in America alone experiencing AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s currently. Doraiswamy et al, (2009) have mentioned that AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s can occur even at the age of forties or fifties (Doraiswamy et al, 2009, xvii). However, about 90% of the AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease patients are victims of "Late Onset" Alzheimer's. Alzheimer's victims of more than 65 years of age are normally included in the category of Late Onset" Alzheimer's. Only 10% of Alzheimer's victims are below the age of 65. Normally people below the age of 65 suffers AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s because of Down syndrome. This type of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is known as Early onset AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s. On the other hand, "Late Onset" Alzheimer's disease is caused by hereditar y and environmental factors. A third type of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is known as Familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). In the case of FAD patients, the disease is caused by family history or hereditary. ... It has the ability to recollect everything in the distant memory while facing problems in recollecting information stored in the recent memory. Bonda et al. (2010) pointed out the imbalances between mitochondrial fission and fusion of cell proliferation as the reason for AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s. Ã¢â¬Å"Specifically, the dynamic balance of fission and fusion in AD is greatly shifted toward fission, and, as a result, affected neurons contain abnormal mitochondria that are unable to meet the metabolic demands of the cellÃ¢â¬ (p.181). It should be noted that fission is the process of breaking of cells whereas fusion is the process of combining cells. Both fission and fusion are necessary body mechanisms to maintain good memory. However, in the case of patients with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s fission mechanism occurs more while fusion mechanism occurs less. As a result of that cell proliferation procedures will be troubled and the communication though neurons become defective. It should be noted tha t neurons are responsible for sending instructions from the brain to different parts of body. This communication process may become defective because of the imbalances in fusion and fission. Risk Factors Advanced age is the primary risk factor for AD; risk doubles every 5 years after the age of 65. Additional risk factors include having a first-degree relative with AD; Down syndrome; head trauma; certain environmental exposures, including metals, infection, and toxins; decreased estrogen levels; and mutations in the APP, PSEN1, PSEN2, or APOE genes. Cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance), depression, and certain lifestyle choices (e.g.,